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The diversity of small non-coding RNAs in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum.

TitleThe diversity of small non-coding RNAs in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRogato, A, Richard, H, Sarazin, A, Voss, B, Cheminant Navarro, S, Champeimont, R, Navarro, L, Carbone, A, Hess, WR, Falciatore, A
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume15
Pagination698
Date Published2014
ISSN1471-2164
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Marine diatoms constitute a major component of eukaryotic phytoplankton and stand at the crossroads of several evolutionary lineages. These microalgae possess peculiar genomic features and novel combinations of genes acquired from bacterial, animal and plant ancestors. Furthermore, they display both DNA methylation and gene silencing activities. Yet, the biogenesis and regulatory function of small RNAs (sRNAs) remain ill defined in diatoms.RESULTS: Here we report the first comprehensive characterization of the sRNA landscape and its correlation with genomic and epigenomic information in Phaeodactylum tricornutum. The majority of sRNAs is 25 to 30 nt-long and maps to repetitive and silenced Transposable Elements marked by DNA methylation. A subset of this population also targets DNA methylated protein-coding genes, suggesting that gene body methylation might be sRNA-driven in diatoms. Remarkably, 25-30 nt sRNAs display a well-defined and unprecedented 180 nt-long periodic distribution at several highly methylated regions that awaits characterization. While canonical miRNAs are not detectable, other 21-25 nt sRNAs of unknown origin are highly expressed. Besides, non-coding RNAs with well-described function, namely tRNAs and U2 snRNA, constitute a major source of 21-25 nt sRNAs and likely play important roles under stressful environmental conditions.CONCLUSIONS: P. tricornutum has evolved diversified sRNA pathways, likely implicated in the regulation of largely still uncharacterized genetic and epigenetic processes. These results uncover an unexpected complexity of diatom sRNA population and previously unappreciated features, providing new insights into the diversification of sRNA-based processes in eukaryotes.

DOI10.1186/1471-2164-15-698
Alternate JournalBMC Genomics
PubMed ID25142710
PubMed Central IDPMC3447688

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